We are in Houston for TASA/TASB

September 2009:00 AM
 

Josh, Sally and I will be in booth 524 and 525 with Eichelbaum Wardell and The Equity Center.  We are looking forward to seeing our many TexasISD.com readers.  Stop by and visit.   read more arw

Congratulations to the following New Supers

Jay Ratcliff, Superintendent, Martinsville ISD, has been named New Super of Big Sandy ISD.

Brian Morris, Asst. Superintendent, Hallsville ISD, has been named New Super of Columbus ISD.

Troy Roberts, Superintendent, Tom Bean ISD, has been named New Super of Huckabay ISD.

Fernando Castillo, Deputy/Acting Superintendent, Donna ISD, has been named New Super of Donna ISD.

Steve Wolf, Principal, Motley County ISD, has been named New Super of Lazbuddie ISD.

 

27 Superintendent Vacancies Click to expand

Vacant Jasper ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
Vacant Martinsville ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
Vacant ESC 20 Associate Director, Administrative & Instructional Services; Search by ESC 20 InfoINFO
Vacant Cuero ISD; Cuero ISD Board of Trustees  InfoINFO
Vacant Roosevelt ISD; Search by Roosevelt ISD Board & Jimmy Parker InfoINFO
Vacant Westwood ISD; Search by John Hardy of Hardy, Cook & Hardy InfoINFO
Vacant Perrin Whitt CISD; Search by ESC 9 InfoINFO
Vacant Region 15 ESC Executive Director; Search by ESC 15 Board of Directors InfoINFO
Vacant Water Valley ISD
 ; Search by the Water Valley ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
Vacant Jim Hogg County ISD; Search by J. Cruz & Associates InfoINFO
Vacant Rogers ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
Vacant Navasota ISD;  Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
Vacant Tom Bean ISD; Search by Leasor Crass, P.C. InfoINFO
Vacant Weslaco ISD; Search by Ivan F. Pérez, at Jones, Galligan, Key & Lozano L.L.P  InfoINFO
Vacant Allen ISD; Search by Thompson & Horton, LLPINFO
Vacant Rochelle ISD; Search by ESC Region 15  InfoINFO
Vacant Edgewood ISD (Bexar County);  Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
Vacant Sweeny ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
Vacant Kerrville ISD; Thompson & Horton LLPINFO
Vacant Vernon ISD; Search by Leasor Crass, P.C. InfoINFO
Vacant Region 3 Executive Director; Search by Region 3 Service CenterINFO
Vacant Zapata County ISD; Search by J. Cruz & Associates InfoINFO
Vacant Stanton ISD ; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
Vacant Clyde ISD; Search by CCR Educational Consultants InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Lampasas ISD 
  - Chane Rascoe, Superintendent,Moody ISD; Search by Horn, Smith, Wood & Preston, LLPINFO
Lone Finalist Hale Center ISD - Steven Plyburn, Superintendent,Crowell ISD; Search by ESC 17INFO
Lone Finalist Rule ISD - Rick Moeller, Superintendent,Paint Creek ISD ; Search by the Rule ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Klein ISD - Dr. Bret Champion, Superintendent,Leander ISD; Search by Thompson and Horton LLPINFO
Lone Finalist Brooks County ISD  - Dr. Maria Casas, Former Superintendent,Mathis ISD; Search by Fountainhead Education InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Rockwall ISD - Dr. John (J.J.) E. Villarreal, Assistant Superintendent of Student Services,Carroll ISD; Horn, Smith, Wood & PrestonINFO
Lone Finalist Mason ISD - John Schumacher; Search by Education Solution Services INFO
Lone Finalist Scurry-Rosser ISD - James Sanders, Assistant Superintendent,Ennis ISD; Search by Scurry-Rosser ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Brownsboro ISD - Tommy Hunter , Superintendent,S&S CISD; Search by School Executive Consulting, Inc. InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Highland Park ISD (Amarillo)  - Jimmy Hannon, Superintendent,Water Valley ISD; Search by Potter County Board of Trustees Info INFO
Lone Finalist Bartlett ISD - Travis W. Edwards, Field Agent,ESC 14; Search by the Bartlett ISD Board of Trustees Info INFO
Lone Finalist Crowell ISD - Pam Norwood, Director of Special Programs,Chapel Hill ISD, Mount Pleasant, TX ; Search by ESC 9 & Darren Francis - No longer taking applicationsINFO
Lone Finalist Leander ISD - Dr. Dan Troxell, Superintendent,Kerrville ISD; Search by Thompson & Horton, LLP INFO
Lone Finalist Buckholts ISD - Nancy Sandlin , Principal,Edna ISD; Search by Education Solutions and Services InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Frankston ISD - John Allen , Deputy Director,Kipp Academy; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
Lone Finalist Pleasant Grove ISD - Dr. Jason Smith, Former Superintendent,Melissa ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
Lone Finalist Hereford ISD - Sheri Blankenship, Asst. Superintendent,Hereford ISD; Search by Region 16 ESC InfoINFO
Lone Finalist Paint Creek ISD  - Cheryl Floyd, Interim Superintendent,Paint Creek ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
Lone Finalist Caldwell ISD - Andrew Peters, Superintendent,Marfa ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
New Super Blue Ridge ISD - John Wink, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction,Tatum ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
New Super Wall ISD  - Russell Dacy, Wall High School Principal,Wall ISD; Search byv Wall ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super Chester ISD - Cory Hines, Principal,Martins Mill ISD; Search by the Chester ISD Board of Trustees Info INFO
New Super Sheldon ISD - King Davis, Dept. Superintendent,Everman ISD; Search by Thompson & Horton, LLPINFO
New Super Pecos - Barstow - Toyah ISD  - Jim Haley, Superintendent,Cuero ISD; Search by the Pecos-Barstow-Toyah ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super Paducah ISD - Brian Patterson, Superintendent,Darrouzett ISD; Search by Jerry Baird InfoINFO
New Super Terrell County ISD - Amanda Ann Magallan , Principal Lamar Elementary,Midland ISD ; Search by Kenn Norris, Interim Superintendent Info INFO
New Super Winona ISD - Cody Mize; Search by Consilience LLC - Wes Hickey & Jennifer Jones InfoINFO
New Super Falls City ISD - Todd Pawelek, High School Principal ,Poth ISD; Search by FCISD Board of Trustees and Interim Superintendent Gary PattersonINFO
New Super Cotton Center ISD - Jeff Kirby, Elementary Principal ,Waelder ISD; Search by Cotton Center ISD Board of TrusteesINFO
New Super La Grange ISD - Bill Wagner, Asst. Superintendent,La Grange ISD; Moak, Casey and AssociatesINFO
New Super Three Rivers ISD - Dr. Mary Springs, Superintendent,Santa Gertrudis ISD; Search by School Leadership Solutions, LLC InfoINFO
New Super Jacksboro ISD - Dwain Milam, Superintendent,Collinsville ISD ; Search by ESC 9 InfoINFO
New Super Prairie Valley ISD - Tim West, Principal,Prairie Valley ISD; Search by: Darren Francis, Deputy Executive Director-Region 9 ESCINFO
New Super Poth ISD - Paula Renken , Interim Superintendent,Poth ISD; Poth ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super Petersburg ISD - Drew Howard, Principal ,Peaster ISD; Search by ESC 17 and Petersburg ISD Board of TrusteesINFO
New Super Cross Roads ISD  - Richard Tedder, Interim Superintendent,Cross Roads ISD; Search by:  TASB Executive Search ServicesINFO
New Super Anderson-Shiro CISD - Scott Beene, Superintendent,Big Sandy ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search ServicesINFO
New Super North Hopkins ISD - Darin Jolly; Search by TASB Executive Search ServicesINFO
New Super Wellman-Union CISD - Aaron Waldrip, Principal,Brownfield Middle School ; Search by the Wellman - Union Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super McLean ISD - Oscar Muniz, High School Principal ,Coolidge ISD; Search by McLean ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super Pettus ISD - Jaime Velasco, Superintendent,Italy ISD; Search by School Leadership Solutions, LLC InfoINFO
New Super Mineral Wells ISD  - John Kuhn, Superintendent,Perrin-Whitt CISD; Search by Leasor Crass, P.C. InfoINFO
New Super Aubrey ISD - David Belding, Superintendent,Millsap ISD; Search by Leasor Crass, P.C. InfoINFO
New Super Beeville ISD - Dr. Marc A. Puig; Search by Walsh Gallegos Treviño Russo & Kyle P.C. with Educational Consultant Gary Patterson. INFO
New Super Santa Gertrudis ISD - Dr, Corey Seymour, Lead Secondary High School Principal ,Cedar Hill ISD; Walsh Anderson Gallegos Trevino Russo & Kyle P.C.and  Dr. Ann Dixon, Search ConsultantINFO
New Super Moody ISD - Gary Martel, Superintendent,Diboll ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
New Super Webb CISD - Heriberto D. Gonzalez; Search by J. Cruz & Associates, LLC Info RequirementsINFO
New Super Manor ISD - Dr. Royce Avery, Area Superintendent,El Paso ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
New Super Marshall ISD - Dr. Jerry Gibson, Superintendent,Coldspring ISD; Search by the Marshall ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super Katy ISD - Dr. Lance Hindt, Superintendent,Allen ISD; Search by Thompson & Horton LLPINFO
New Super Grand Saline ISD - Micah Lewis, Superintendent,Frankston ISD; Search by Grand Saline ISD Board of Trustees InfoINFO
New Super Columbus ISD - Brian Morris, Assistant Superintendent,Hallsville iSD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
New Super Big Sandy ISD (ESC 7) - Jay Ratcliff, Superintendent,Martinsville ISD; Search by: Arrow Educational ServicesINFO
New Super Huckabay ISD - Troy Roberts, Superintendent,Tom Bean ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
New Super Galveston ISD - Kelli Moulton, Superintendent,Hereford ISD; Search by:  TASB Executive Search ServicesINFO
New Super Chico ISD - Don Elsom , Superintendent,Latexo ISD; Search by TASB Executive Search Services INFO
New Super Natalia ISD - Dr. Freeman Hensley Cone, Executive Director of Secondary Education/Co-Interim Asst. San Marcos CISD; Search by the Natalia ISD Board of Trustees  - no longer accepting applicationsINFO
New Super Coupland ISD - Tammy Brinkman, Director of Curriculum & Instruction,Iola ISD; Search by Leasor Crass, P.C.  InfoINFO
New Super Yorktown ISD - Chad Gee , Assistant Superintendent,Comanche ISD; Search by: School Leadership Solutions, LLC InfoINFO
New Super Runge ISD - Dr. James Bakewell (Bake) Barron, Dr. James Bakewell (Bake) Barron Director of Student Services,Livingston ISD; Search by Walsh Anderson Gallegos Trevino Russo & Kyle P.C - No longer accepting applicationsINFO
New Super Lazbuddie ISD - Steve Wolf, Principal ,Motley County ISD; Search by Dr. Gary Bigham Info AnnouncementINFO
New Super Donna ISD - Fernando Castillo, Deputy and Acting Superintendent,Donna ISD; Search by Walsh Gallegos Trevino Russo & Kyle P.C. INFO
New Super McAllen ISD - J.A. Gonzalez, Interim Superintendent,McAllen ISD; Search by JG ConsultingINFO

Medina: Armed Texas Teachers: We Will ‘Protect Our Students’

September 2208:12 AM
 

A small school district in the Texas Hill Country placed a sign that gives would-be troublemakers something to think about if they contemplate harming any students on campus. “Attention,” the sign reads. “Please be aware that the staff at Medina ISD may be armed and will use whatever force is necessary to protect our students.” Last week, school officials put up the sign in front of the Medina Independent School District tucked away in the Hill Country, nearly 70 miles from San Antonio. The nearest town, Bandera, is roughly 30 minutes away. view article  arw

First School District Set to Join Parents’ Lawsuit Over STAAR

September 2105:47 AM
 

Ben Becker, the Houston father who helped organize a legal fight over last year’s STAAR exams, has repeatedly challenged superintendents over the last few months to join him in court to fight for their students. Becker describes his group as a handful of Texas parents up against the state of Texas, backed by a legal team funded through a crowdfunding campaign. In a year when the STAAR exam went so horribly awry, and outraged so many school officials across the state, Becker says, “as parents [we] look around and wonder, where are the school districts?” view article  arw

2015–2016 Near-Final Summary of Finances

September 1908:39 AM
 

A Near-Final Summary of Finances (SOF) report for the 2015–2016 school year is available at the Texas Education Agency (TEA) School District State Aid Reports web page. The reports reflect the following important updates and information available at the time of publication (items with an asterisk [*] do not apply to charter schools): Compare your template for 15/16 with this Near Final TEA SOF - identify differences and answer why.  

November 2016 Bond List

September 0708:41 AM
 

Bond Election Data collected by TexasISD.com for public school bonds in the upcoming November 2016 election cycle.

Preventive Law: Delete This! – Social Media and Records Retention

September 0208:31 AM
 

Does your district have a Facebook page? A Twitter feed? How about an Instagram or other social media account? How about your sports teams? Your individual campuses? Chances are that your district has at least some official social media presence, even if it’s not actively managed or maintained – and chances are that you’re forgetting something important when it comes to each and every official post made by your district. So I have just one more question (and I promise that this isn’t a joke): are you maintaining records of those social media posts in accordance with the state’s record retention schedules?

2016 Tax Ratification Elections/Results

August 2109:00 AM
 

Election information related to all Tax Ratification Elections in 2016

Lawsuit claims Coppell ISD violated Voting Rights Act of 1965

September 2308:40 AM
 

The Brewer Storefront filed a lawsuit in federal court Thursay on behalf of plaintiff Pankaj Jain against the Coppell Independent School District (CISD), alleging that the school district’s election system violates the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and denies fair representation to Asian-American voters. Filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, Dallas Division, the lawsuit claims that the school district’s at-large voting system denies Asian-American voters a fair opportunity to elect school board representatives of their choice. The Storefront is the community service legal affiliate of Brewer, Attorneys & Counselors.  view article  arw

TEA Discloses Another Lawsuit Involving Progreso ISD

September 2308:39 AM
 

PROGRESO - A Rio Grande Valley school board and the Texas Education Agency will be back in court.  This is a clarification to a story CHANNEL 5 NEWS ran Wednesday night on Progreso ISD.  TEA gave CHANNEL 5 NEWS information regarding the district and the replacement of the board of manager’s trial set to happen in October.The state agency tried to replace Progreso ISD’s school board in January after lowering the district’s accredittion rating. However, TEA said they got the cases mixed up.  The trial dates CHANNEL 5 NEWS reported on before were in reference to another TEA investigation and residency lawsuit. view article  arw

Once Again, School District Shuts Down Tax Break for Gas Exporter

September 2308:39 AM
 

In March, the Observer featured a deep dive into a little-known tax incentive program that lets global giants such as Exxon and Dow Chemical pocket billions that would otherwise help fund basic state services — schools, health care, roads, any of the public resources that are often strapped for cash.Fondly known as “Chapter 313” for its place in the tax code, the program stays out of the spotlight in part because it’s administered by local school districts.  view article  arw

Chamber: State not doing enough for communities such as Midland

September 2308:37 AM
 

The Midland Chamber of Commerce weighed in on the state’s school finance system, calling for a legislative change that would, “mitigate the burden of Texas school districts that may experience dramatic fluctuations in property tax valuations.” view article  arw

SBOE Member Wants to “Deny Hispanics” Vote on Racist Mexican-American Textbooks

September 2308:37 AM
 

One week after the Texas State Board of Education held a public hearing on a controversial Mexican-American studies textbook, recently released e-mails reveal board member David Bradley, R-Beaumont, wants to “deny the Hispanics a record vote” in November when the SBOE decides whether or not they’ll accept the severely flawed book. view article  arw

Seven Texas education issues to watch in 2017

September 2308:33 AM
 

The Texas Legislature does not reconvene until January, but school officials already are prepping to lobby. The Houston school district's internal lobbyist recently met with school board members to discuss their priorities. view article  arw

Lake Travis ISD to pursue District of Innovation status

September 2308:33 AM
 

The Lake Travis ISD board of trustees initiated a process Sept. 20 to become designated as a District of Innovation, a school district option adopted during the 2015 state legislative session that allows districts more flexibility for start and end dates, teacher certification requirements, class size ratios and attendance requirements. view article  arw

Second chance offered to dropouts at new Katy school

September 2308:33 AM
 

KATY - Andrea Jicalan thought her dreams had died the day she was kicked out of Mayde Creek High School.  The 17-year-old's absences had piled up after a family member was jailed, and she had trouble focusing on her 10th grade classes in the Katy ISD school.Then one of Mayde Creek's teachers showed up on Jicalan's doorstep a few weeks ago and told her and her brother, 18-year-old Manuel, about a new program to help students who'd dropped out or been expelled earn the credits to receive their high school diplomas rather than a GED. The siblings jumped at the chance. "I basically gave up and started thinking I would get a GED, but now I can get a diploma, which is way better," Jicalan said Thursday. "We're just really grateful to be here." view article  arw

Bulletin Board

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Eichelbaum Wardell Hansen Powell & Mehl, P.C.

Legal Issues for School Secretaries

Sept - Nov 2016

Arm your school's first line of defense, your school secretary, with important and helpful information they can use every day. Provide practical methods for handling issues with legal implications a school's front office frequently confronts. 

 

Topics:

  • Admissions/Enrollment
  • Attendance
  • Bullying
  • Child Abuse
  • Family Issues
  • Fingerprinting
  • First Amendment
  • Harassment & Discrimination
  • Residency
  • Search & Seizure
  • Sex Offenders
  • Social Media
  • Student Records

 

Who Should Attend:

School Secretaries, PEIMS Administrators, Office Managers, Attendance Clerks, Counselors

 

Registration Fee: 

$175 per person (materials included)

 

For more information on locations and to register online, click here.

View Bulletin Board »

Grand Prairie Police Searching For Missing Juvenile And Teacher

September 2308:32 AM
 

A Grand Prairie High School math teacher, Michael Perez, 25, is believed to have taken off with a 16-year-old student, Amy Botton. view article  arw

Which Dallas ISD schools lost the most students this fall?

September 2308:32 AM
 

Dallas ISD's enrollment picture is slowly coming into focus. But what it paints — well, that's still up for debate. Just look at the North Dallas High School feeder-school pattern. view article  arw

Bastrop EDC backing $75 million school bond

September 2308:31 AM
 

The Bastrop Economic Development Corp. threw its support behind the school district’s $75 million bond Monday by approving funds to finance educational support materials leading up to the November election. view article  arw

Added capacity: Mesquite ISD set to build ninth middle school

September 2308:31 AM
 

Mesquite ISD will soon have a ninth middle school. view article  arw

Shelly Slaughter accepted into Superintendent Academy

September 2308:29 AM
 

Cumby Independent School District Superintendent Shelly Slaughter has been selected for Lamar University’s Superintendent Academy. The Beaumont school’s Center for Executive Leadership selects only about 25 participants each year to take part in the nationally known advanced leadership development program for superintendents in Texas and surrounding states. view article  arw

Marfa ISD superintendent takes 10% pay cut to provide teachers’ health insurance

September 2308:29 AM
 

A superintendent in West Texas took a pay cut in an effort to help balance the school district’s budget, according to media reports.

Hamshire-Fannett ISD superintendent resigns during board meeting

September 2308:29 AM
 

Pamela Lechler, Hamshire-Fannett ISD superintendent since 2011, resigned during a district school board meeting Tuesday night. A joint statement from the Board of Trustees and Lechler said she resigned to "attend to her family's well-being" and for "professional advancement." Hamshire-Fannett ISD Board President Bob Thewman declined to comment. Hamshire-Fannett ISD officials also declined to comment. view article  arw

Kauffman receives TEA grant

September 2308:25 AM
 

After waiting for a couple of weeks, Kauffman Leadership Academy was awarded its start-up grant of $305,029 from the Texas Education Agency on Friday.   view article  arw

Georgetown ISD trustee Ronna Johnson to resign

September 2308:25 AM
 

At the Sept. 19 Georgetown ISD board of trustees meeting, trustee Ronna Johnson announced she would resign effective Oct. 1. view article  arw

Big Spring ISD investigating report of employee acting improperly toward student

September 2308:25 AM
 

The Big Spring Independent School District is investigating following a report of an employee acting improperly toward a student. view article  arw

Texas School District Sues to Prevent Shutdown Over Test Scores

September 2308:20 AM
 

One small, struggling Texas school that faces possible takeover or closure signed onto a lawsuit filed by a group of parents against the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR). view article  arw

Superintendent: Cafeteria worker’s claims of lunch shaming are untrue

September 2308:15 AM
 

A woman said she had to take a hot lunch away from a boy whose parent fell behind in paying for his school lunches, but the Canon-McMillan Superintendent said that never happened. view article  arw

Lubbock ISD Names New Athletics Director

September 2308:15 AM
 

Thursday morning, the Lubbock ISD Board of Trustees approved the promotion of Mike Meeks to the position of Athletics Director. view article  arw

Abilene ISD Making Changes to 7th Grade Math Program

September 2308:15 AM
 

After last years test trail at Madison Middle School, Abilene ISD looks to make some changes to help improve 7th grade Pre-APstudent's curriculum. view article  arw

Inappropriate teacher-student relations at all-time high in Texas

September 2308:15 AM
 

The Texas Education Agency said inappropriate relationships between teachers and students in Texas are the highest since they've began recording it. From last September through the end of August, the TEA has conducted 222 investigations into allegations of inappropriate relationships which is defined as anything from a romantic flirtation to a full blown affair between a teacher and a student. They believe one of the causes is the increased use of social media and texting between teachers and students. view article  arw

Westlake High Threats Raises Concern, Eanes ISD Assures Safety

September 2308:13 AM
 

After a threat was made to Westlake High School, the district has decided to not penalize students who decide to stay home today. The school received reports yesterday from students and parents that a teenage boy had made comments indicating he was going to do harm to others at school. view article  arw

Lake Dallas ISD begins on-campus fire academy

September 2308:00 AM
 

As a group of students clad in gym shorts and navy blue T-shirts pile out the door at Lake Dallas High School, instructor John Bryant shouts one command. “Don’t be last!” The instructions seem to light a fire under the kids as they break into sprints to reach the track first. This is not a gym class. This isn’t ROTC. This is the first year of Lake Dallas’ Fire Academy, a dual-credit course that gives juniors the opportunity to forge a career path in emergency services. view article  arw

Amarillo ISD Employee Arrested for McLennan County Theft Warrants

September 2307:50 AM
 

On Friday September 16, Amarillo Police arrested Bonnie Joslin for three warrants out of McLennan County. The warrants were issued for thefts over $2,500 and under $30,000. Joslin bonded out on Saturday. Joslin is listed as the 'Principals of Law/Law Enforcement' in the CTE department. view article  arw

California ballot has record number of local revenue measures

September 2307:30 AM
 

A record number of local tax and bond measures will fill the California ballot this November, including over $32 billion of proposed funding for education, infrastructure and homeless services. view article  arw

Wylie ISD to recognize four new members of its honor hall during homecoming

September 2307:30 AM
 

Four people will be honored during Wylie homecoming festivities this weekend for their contributions to the school and to society. Pat Penick, Buddy and Elizabeth Dulin and J.A. Farr Jr. were selected to be added to the Wylie Hall of Honor. This is the 11th annual event. "It's the highest honor we can bestow on people," said Terry Hagler, chairman of the Hall of Honor committee that selected Penick and the Dulins. Farr was selected by the senior committee, which researches people who were active in the school and community prior to 1975. view article  arw